Citizenship is available through naturalization which is the formal process a foreign national becomes a Canadian citizen. Typically, you must become a permanent resident first. Permanent residents who lived in Canada 3 out of the last 5 years preceding their application can apply for Citizenship.
You may be able to use some of your time spent in Canada as a temporary resident or protected person towards your physical presence calculation. You may be eligible to receive a half day count for each full day you were physically present in Canada to a maximum of 365 days if you had legal temporary status such as the following:
*Any time spent serving a term of imprisonment, on parole, or on probation will not count towards time you lived in Canada.
*There are some exceptions to the above requirements depending on your status.
Minor children must be a permanent resident and have at least one parent (or legally adoptive parent) who is a Canadian citizen or who will become a citizen at the same time as the child (applying together). Having custody, guardianship or being the step-parent of a child does not mean the child is legally adopted.
A child born outside Canada to a Canadian parent on or after April 17, 2009, is a citizen by birth if the child is in the first generation born outside Canada, and the Canadian parent: was born in Canada, or became a Canadian citizen by immigrating to Canada (becoming a permanent resident) and being granted citizenship (naturalization).
You may be ineligible to become a Canadian citizen for a period of time if any of the following situations apply to you:
*There may be other situations which make you ineligible, contact us to find out what is the right option for you.